Mass Media Network
Empty With A Whiff of Blood and Fumes
After the collapse of Soviet Union, Ukraine experienced a period of relative freedom of the press. The degree of press freedom varied from one administration to another, and is generally considered to have peaked during the administration of Yulia Timoshenko. However, the majority of Ukrainian daily media, magazines and periodicals are owned by oligarchs with strong political ties. While journalists were never directly told what to write and what not to write, each media outfit had a monitoring unit, usually of the political faction with which it was affiliated. The monitoring unit processed all media on a weekly basis, creating a detailed spread sheet of political publications in order to make sure the media was fulfilling its according obligation of producing mostly favorable or neutral articles, and allowing considerably fewer publications that put political entities or oligarchs in a negative light.